Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction (DiDRR)
Inclusion in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
During a natural disaster, humanitarian conflict and emergency situations the most vulnerable people are persons with disabilities among other vulnerable groups. Due to lack of information about emergency planning and mal-adaptation to evacuation mapping, when the calamity strikes, these people are left behind, and are unable to access shelter or receive appropriate support or relief for their suffering and loss. Exclusion of disability representative organizations from plan development, policy making, and their lack of participation in risk reduction management programs prior to a disaster and conflict due to barriers caused by inaccessible physical environment tends to exacerbate their survival. Many awareness programs conducted internationally have managed to broadcast and acknowledge the risk faced by persons with disabilities, despite these efforts their inclusion in disaster risk reduction management is not adequately addressed. Moreover, the consequences of a disaster and humanitarian crises adds up to the number of impairments in disability pool. All these factors pivoting a disability must be considered with equal importance in risk reduction preparedness and responses.
International Commitments in DiDRR
Paris Agreement of United Nations Framework Convention (2015)
The Paris Agreement (2015) of the United Nations Framework Convention emphasized on inclusion of persons with disabilities and ensured that their right of voice for taking actions against climate change disasters must be exercised to provide them with a better chance of combating climate change. A similar climate change preparedness, response and emergency evacuation program has been mainstreamed in SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway. It emphasizes on the importance of strengthening contingency planning and engaging person with disabilities and their representative organization in climate change risk reduction initiatives.
Disability Inclusive Disaster Reduction in Pakistan
Geographical location of Pakistan puts it globally under 3 major fault lines out of 7. Furthermore, due to its land characteristics and inadequate land planning, exploitation and unsafe use of its natural resources increases the countries vulnerability to natural disasters. After the earth quake in 2005, Pakistan has faced major casualties and increase in the number of people with physical impairment in the country due to the adverse fluctuation in monsoon climate change and insufficient dame constructions. These two major disasters have affected 2 million people in the country. Due to ineffective inclusion system, lack or resilience and a weak concept of DiDRR, vulnerable population of the community is at the higher risk of being affected by other disasters that might strike again. The frail response and recovery system have exacerbated STEP implemented a project on the inclusion of persons with disabilities in disaster risk reduction in collaboration with Malteser International with the support of BMZ. The objective of this project was contribution to the increased inclusion and participation of Persons with Disabilities in the planning and implementation of DRR measures on local level as well as to advocate for disability inclusive DRR in national and regional DRR policies and in the next framework of Action (HFA2).